at some point of time you would have thought of retiring early or maybe you're thinking of it now and truth be told retirement is not about abandoning work there are very few who would say I won't work any further but what we yearn for is the freedom to operate to live life in the way we want and that brings us to the five moment now fire stands for financial Independence retirement it's a very catchy acronym and to put it in a nutshell it's a program that's designed around saving aggressively investing in high return instruments like equities and disciplined withdrawals which put together ensures you have enough money to cover your living expenses for the rest of your life and therefore retire early in this video I shall be explaining the concept in Greater details we look at the implementation steps some calculations and why fire needs to be a deliberate part of your financial life this might be a short video but it's a very powerful concept so let's begin the concept of fire was popularized in a book titled your money or your life it was built around self-sufficiency control over one's time moderate consumption and of course living life outside the nine to five for instance this guy Pete atney who is better known as Mr Money Mustache applied the fire principles which allowed him to retire from his job as a software engineer at the age of 30.
He's 48 now and he continues to live comfortably of his Investments after so many years and it's not just Pete there are writers bloggers people traveling the world software developers and even YouTubers who are using these principles to lead a more open life and have attached some articles and videos in the description to that effect some of these stories are really inspirational and it proves the fact that a little bit of planning on the financial side can have a profound impact on other aspects of one's life and in a very positive way now there are three parts one needs to address when implementing a fire strategy the first step is savings and the hardcore fire disciple is expected to save anywhere from 50 to 70 percent of one's monthly income this is of course easier said than done and probably where a lot of people make up their mind that this is not their cup of tea but from what I have read and what I've experienced the saving need not be always defined as a percentage and we can also work with absolute numbers which we'll see when I come to the calculations part now when we hear the word saving our first reaction or response is on reducing our expenses however money can also be saved by upping one's income which is what I suggest and it does make sense right I mean there is a limit to what one can save but income generation has a much longer Runway and in our case it can include taking a part-time job doing some consultancy work asking for a pay hike changing jobs for a better salary reskilling oneself or of course starting a side hustle which can be a mix of active and passive work in fact I have a friend in Bangalore who works as a data scientist from Monday to Friday and then on the weekends he takes classes on an edtech platform and also does some consultancy work to put it in numbers what was earlier a monthly saving of 50 000 Rupees is now easily over 2 lakhs a month and this guy has absolutely changed his life around by leveraging what he knows so he's on fire metaphorically speaking and the the fire strategy encourages us to find creative and better ways of increasing our savings rate the Second Step under the fire strategy is to spend wisely notice I didn't say don't spend I said spend wisely which means you need to identify what is an essential expense and what can be tagged as discretionary now people who practice Fire have a ton of helpful advice for us these include driving a good used car instead of a new one renting versus buying a house cooking at home rather than eating out track your daily expenses cancel unnecessary subscriptions Etc from what I've read these small steps can reduce your monthly expenses by up to 30 percent which if you choose to look at it differently is like getting a 30 incremented salary so you don't have to be stinky when it comes to your expenses but try to be a bit more rational about it and the third and final pillar in the fire system is the investment part now on a basic level the system requires advisors to invest as much money as you can and as early as possible so it's the principle of compounding at work here and this table here is a handy guide to how well your Corpus expands when you give it the necessary capital and a decent amount of time to grow now the fire method keeps this investing part ridiculously simple one you invest some money every month or as we call it you set up an sip a systematic investment plan and secondly this money is invested in a low cost Index Fund or ETF which in our case is either the nifty 50 or maybe a slightly broader Nifty 500 Index so essentially the focus here is to participate in the equity markets rather than actively trying to beat it which by my Reckoning should Fetchers and analyze return of 12 to 13 percent again the idea here is to maximize the returns which is why equities have been suggested but if that makes you a little uncomfortable then you can also settle for a mix of different asset classes which is something I explained in my video on asset allocation a few weeks back yet another investment you can make which is encouraged under the fire movement is on account of passive income dividends from stocks interest from your fixed deposits income from your blog your podcast YouTube channel monetization rental income are just some ways of making an Roi from physical or virtual assets now notice I have put this part under Investments and not income because passive income does require a lot of upfront work but once you do the hard work and you do it well one can expect a continuous stream of income over the next few years which will not only support your early retirement Ambitions but will also act as a safety net in fact there is something called an fi Ratio or the financial Independence ratio which largely means if your passive income is greater than your expenses then you're making some great progress on the path to financial Independence so to sum it up remember fire has three simple principles that you need to work on which is save more spend less and invest wisely if you're getting good value from this video then please do give this video a thumbs up and if you aren't a subscriber yet then do consider becoming one as I can then serve you videos as soon as they are released and also share with you some investing strategies tips and stories that are continually Post in the community section the original fire formula is based on the four percent rule which is the amount of saving you can safely withdraw every year without worrying that your money will run out for example let's say you are 29 years old and your monthly expenses are around 50 000 rupees if you want to retire at 40 then you have 11 years to accumulate a retirement fund so here's the math if household inflation is likely to grow by eight percent per annum then the 50 000 you spend now will rise to 1 lakh 16 000 rupees by the time you're 40.
So annually this comes to 14 lakh rupees and per the four percent rule it's 14 multiplied by 25 which means you need to accumulate a couples of three and a half crores to safely navigate through your retirement years or at least that's what the fire formula says now in my view there are some gaps with this four percent rule that I think we should all be aware of firstly this rule is okay for someone who has factored 25 maybe 30 years of retirement but if the retirement Horizon goes higher let's say 50 years for example then this formula starts getting a bit shaky and I've pinned a research study by Vanguard on this in the video's description secondly the four percent rule is a United States origination of the 1990s and has been tested on a historical basis when the yields on equities and Bonds were sufficiently high now we are not Americans and what works there will most likely not work for us which means there's an asset allocation and a market performance risk which needs to be accounted for and finally because each of us have our own preferences income goals saving patterns Etc I always felt it's important to have a customized fire implementation plan rather than picking something off the shelf which is why I created my own fire calculator which gives a clearer picture of how much I need to accumulate when can I idly retire how much withdrawals can I do on a monthly basis and at what point and in what circumstances my retirement money can run out so this obviously starts with the inputs and you need to type in your current age the age at which you want to retire and of course your life expectancy which I hope is strong and long then comes your current portfolio of Investments and this includes your mutual funds fds ppf EPF gold and other stuff and as a best practice kindly exclude the cost of the house where you will be staying post your retirement if you're still working then input the monthly savings and the annual increase you foresee input the expected returns from your investment the capital gain tax that can remain at 10 percent and finally have a view on how much will your expenses be in the first year of retirement and the expected household inflation rate and once we have these numbers keyed in as I have shown in this example the resulting output should clearly tell us three things one the amount of investment Corpus we need at the time of retirement which in this illustration is 2.2 crores at the age of 40.
Secondly we now have Clarity on how much can be spent on an early basis which starts from 12 lakhs so that's one lakh per month and it increases by eight percent every year and thirdly we get to know how sound or unsound this entire construct is like in this case our calculation shows that I'll run out of my money by the time I am 64 years old which is another way of saying that I need to rework my fire math which can include an increase in the monthly savings and the growth rate I can also consider extending my retirement age to a higher number let's say 45 years and finally I I can be a little careful with my expenses and instead of spending a lack of rupees maybe I can make do with 90 000.
So there are many permutations and combinations you can look at but my suggestion is try to be a little conservative in your estimates especially when it comes to return on investment the inflation rate and the post retirement monthly expenses now for your benefit I have enclosed the link of this worksheet in the video's description it's a downloadable sheet all the formulas are open so feel free to change the numbers improve the formula if required add your own customization if it helps you but have a clear idea on when and where you need to be on the path to financial Independence so when I first heard and read about fire I was not a big fan of it I mean saving 50 to 7 20 percent of one salary is almost next to Impossible and I would have shut sharp had I not realized that as a method fire is quite flexible and can be used in many different ways so the calculator is one way and you can make a customized version of it but then there are more strategies there are more variants of the fire strategy and if you are interested then do read up on lean fire fat fire Coast fire and a few more of these in related articles that I've Linked In the video's description the point is and I myself realized a very late in life that many of us don't know when to retire how much is needed to retire which is why we continue working in a role or occupation that we don't enjoy much and that's where I think fire as a strategy might be the solution and it's just three things right increase your income and savings lower your expenses and get your Investments right so read up more about this concept in the Articles and websites I've added in the description and I sincerely hope you practice some sort of fire going forward if you found this video useful then do press the like button do subscribe to my channel share this video and I'll see you three days from now until then foreignRead More
the public Provident fund scheme was introduced in 1968 and also because after that over 25 crore ppf accounts have been opened up with a balance of about 14 lakh crores lying in those accounts the system is extremely prominent therefore its tax-free standing guaranteed returns as well as its long-term financial investment Horizon and also in this video which is like an everything overview I will be taking you through 14 essential ppf related factors which I think every investor needs to understand of if you find this video clip helpful then do provide it a thumbs up as it will absolutely assist me with the YouTube formula and also if you understand a good friend or colleague whom I locate it valuable after that do share this video clip with them let'' s begin the general public Provident fund follows the Triple E or an exempt exempt excluded model of Tax the initial exempt ways one is entitled to tax obligation benefits which is gotten under Section ATC of the income tax obligation act the 2nd exempt makes the interest earned in this account totally tax obligation cost-free as well as the 3rd excluded allows all maturity continues to be Exempted from resources gain or wealth tax currently what'' s Pleasant is that this Tripoli benefit exists not only at the time of maturation however it also uses to partial withdrawals as well as early closures so for individuals that are threat hrs as well as in the 30 slab the ppf ends up being a must-have because for a financial obligation shared funds to match the 8 percent tax-free returns that the ppf uses it has to generate a yield of 11.4 percent continually which is not likely to take place however there is one tiny asterisk I did discover while looking into for this video so a guideline came up in 2021 that claims if an individual has actually not filed tax return in the previous three years after that a TDS ranging from two to five percent will use on withdrawals Beyond a particular limitation so see out for this but or else the ppf is a very tidy clear and also useful Monetary tool a public Provident fund account can be opened up by any type of Indian person irrespective of their age the account can be opened in one'' s name as well as likewise on behalf of a small or an individual of unhealthy Mind of whom she or he is a guardian nevertheless the current set of rules wear'' t permit the opening of a joint ppf account and neither can a Hindu wholehearted household or a non-residential open one in truth nris are a confused lot when it pertains to ppf accounts so right here'' s what I discovered up until now so to start with nris are not allowed to open a brand-new ppf account there was a time when this was enabled but not given that 2003 when the Get Bank of India released a notification to this result secondly nris who have an existing ppf account can proceed investing however only till the accounts maturity of 15 years or its expansion of 5 years now nris have been intending to invest in the ppf scheme for several years but the government has actually not been yielding and also it remains concentrated on its original Objective that is to urge little cost savings amongst Indian citizens a ppf account can be opened up anytime during the year this can be done at any type of article workplace choose branches of nationalized Banks as well as also include some personal Financial institutions opening up the account offline after that see your local licensed bank or article workplace finish the ppf account opening form send a copy of your frying pan and aadhaar make an initial deposit of at the very least 400 rupees and collect the passbook from the bank or post workplace which will certainly have details of your pre-pay for account now if you want to do this online then every action I stated becomes a digital one and using aadhar makes this procedure quickly and also easy as a matter of fact now you can also move your ppf account from one blog post office to an additional from One financial institution to an additional financial institution and also between the blog post workplace as well as the bank and also vice versa another company rule that every person needs to comply with is that an individual can open up just one account in his or her name currently if a subscriber accidentally opens up more than one account then that added account will be dealt with as a regular as well as will certainly not carry any kind of rate of interest or tax advantage it is consequently in the customers passion to integrate these accounts right into a solitary account which can be done by contacting the Ministry of Finance and getting their authorizations over a monetary year ppf needs a minimum payment of 500 rupees as well as it permits the optimum payment of 1 lakh 50 000 rupees down payments can be made any time of the year with 12 being the optimum variety of payments currently this 1.5 lakh number is something the federal government modifies from time to time as well as I keep in mind when I first started putting money in the ppf plan the maximum limitation was simply 70 000 rupees so 1.5 lakh is the maximum now as well as if you accidentally spend greater than 1.5 then the excess deposit is treated as irregular and also it is reimbursed back to the subscriber without any interest on the various other hand in instance you lose out on that particular minimal 500 rupee payment then you your ppf account is flagged as non-active as well as to revive it you'' ll need to pay a fine of 50 rupees per inactive year in addition to the superior minimum contribution of 500 rupees yet pleasantly also if you miss that minimum contribution your ppf account will remain to receive rate of interest on its balance at the dominating rate of interest rates the public Provident fund has a bulk of 15 years and it'' s something every person recognizes but what lots of people aren'' t knowledgeable about is that this maturation date is not determined from the day of opening up the account instead the 15 years is calculated from completion of the fiscal year in which the very first down payment was created instance let'' s say you made your first contribution on the 17th of May 2020 considering that the day of maturation is determined from the end of that Monetary year that is from the 31st of March 2021 this suggests this ppf account will certainly mature on the 1st of April 2036.
In various other words you'' ll be making not 15 however 16 yearly payments into your ppf account once the ppf account develops every subscriber has two alternatives the very first is a straightforward one that is you get the cash and close the account as well as choice 2 is where you can extend the account for an additional block of 5 years as well as this extension can be taken any kind of number of times currently expansion itself can be done in two means that is with or without payment so when a ppf account is prolonged without contribution it indicates the account has actually been automatically prolonged for 5 years the client can not make any kind of fresh payments and also finally the client can not select an extension with contribution anytime in the future however the excellent part of an expansion without contribution is that there are no limitations to the quantity you can withdraw from your equilibrium yet I have to discuss that this choice can be exercised only as soon as a year now let'' s concern the size payment part and it starts with the subscriber submitting a form H at the bank or message office within one year of the maturity date it'' s an important step since if you put on ' t submit this form and also remain to contribute customarily after that this transferred quantity will certainly neither earn a rate of interest neither will it be eligible for tax obligation advantages so let'' s claim you do whatever appropriate after that this alternative enables you to withdraw sixty percent of the balance at the beginning of each extended block of 5 years as an example let'' s claim your ppf account developed on the 1st of April 2023 if it had an equilibrium of say 50 lakhs after that 60 of that so you can withdraw 30 lakhs over the coming five years obviously the exact same regulations use as prior to that is as soon as you have chosen this you can'' t go back to the without contribution option as well as second of all just one withdrawal is admitted each Fiscal year alright so I'' ve stated this set withdrawal annually a few times now and there is a factor for this you see the concern with many of our retired life items as well as I mentioned a number of them in a previous video clip the concern is that the majority of them are taxable which undoubtedly consumes into the returns that we produce from them currently when it comes to ppf presuming you are prolonging the account There'' s a chance of considering it as a pension plan product as well as it'' s that one withdrawal each year that assists us keeping that for example state you have 50 lakhs in your ppf account at the time of maturation and you choose to prolong the account let'' s claim without contribution so at a rate of interest of 8 percent the 50 lakhs would get and also return of 4 lakhs currently I can withdraw this 4 lakhs possibly keep it in an interest-bearing account or a brief in your ft however that'' s a very handy 33 000 rupees a month as well as the ideal part is that this amount is free of tax so exercise the mathematics it will be a little various when it comes to with contribution expansions however receiving a tax-free pension every year while maintaining my ppf balance definitely intact if absolutely something I will certainly not ignore if you'' re obtaining excellent value from this video clip after that please do give this video clip a thumbs up and if you aren'' t a subscriber yet then do think about turning into one as I can then offer you videos as soon as they are released and also show to you some investing strategies pointers as well as stories that are consistently Post in the community area the ppf guidelines permit moms and dads to open up an account in support of a small but please note both moms and dads can closed separate represent the very same Miner so effectively it is one minor One ppf account now from a contribution standpoint the current law enables an optimum of 1.5 lakhs on an aggregate basis what I imply is the moms and dad can not place 1.5 lakh in his/her ppf account and another 1.5 in the miners account so together that is you as well as your youngster can aggregately contribute a maximum of 1.5 lakhs one more questions that commonly originates from senior residents gets on whether they can open a ppf account for their grandchildren and also the easy response is no per present rules grandparents can not open up an account on behalf of the grandchild however upon the death of both moms and dads as well as the consultation of the grandparent as the miners guardian the ppf guidelines do enable for the opening of an account by the grandparent in behalf of the small the rates of interest supplied under the public Provident fund system is assured by the government of India nonetheless this passion rate is not dealt with in reality the rates of interest is examined every 3 months and also is linked to the return on a 10-year federal government of India bond as an example below are the bond returns over the last three decades and also in time these have actually minimized from 15 percent to simply regarding seven percent which also clarifies why the ppf rate of interest have actually additionally decreased over the same period currently I'' ve checked out a couple of write-ups where some writers have actually explained to this drop as well as have actually also tested and the efficacy of ppf investing but what none did was to link the rate of interest to the prevailing inflation within the country you see the ppf rates of interest were static at 12 in the 1990s yet after that the country'' s rising cost of living was also a great 10 and a fifty percent 11 percent which means on a real basis the clients were making just one one and also a half percent which is possibly the situation already so put on'' t check out these rate of interest alone not just for ppf however, for any fixed earnings tool as well as always contrast them with a suitable Standard like inflation now the interest on your ppf balance is computed monthly and this estimation is done on the most affordable equilibrium of the month from the fifth of the month until completion of the month to put it simply if you deposit money right into your ppf account on the 6th of the month or later on then you won'' t get any kind of passion on this cash for that particular month so as a technique please deposit your ppf payment by the fifth of each month ppf clients are permitted to make premature or partial withdrawals after five total Fiscal years please recall five total Fiscal years suggests you can prematurely withdraw just from the 7th year let’s start now clearly this features specific problems which consists of points like you can do just one partial withdrawal per Monetary year no loans can be taken versus the ppf balance going onward and also one can take out only approximately half of the previous Monetary years closing equilibrium currently keep in mind these conditions are for the main 15-year account and also in instances of extension one can take out any type of quantity in case of extension without payment and also 60 of the equilibrium if it is with contribution the point is this fifty percent hundred percent sixty percent is vital for a ppf client to understand specifically if this PP of Corpus is being maintained for any kind of major scheduled expense like getting a residence a kid'' s marital relationship greater education And so on the premature closure of a ppf account is possible under 2 conditions a the account should have completed a minimum of 5 Fiscal year which implies you can use for the closure from the seventh year of account opening and B the closure is allowed only on particular grounds such as the treatment of a severe illness greater education or a modification in the residency condition now with early closure there is a small catch with regard to the rates of interest that is the account owner will receive one percent lower rates of interest as compared to what he or she would certainly have gotten if the account was typically continued again one percent may seem a very handful but it'' s one percent from the day the account was opened up or when the account was extended for example let'' s claim you had opened up the ppf accounts from ten years back as well as you'' ve been getting a 8 percent passion now when you shut your account before maturation all the interest that you'' ve collected over the last 10 years will really be recalculated yet this moment this will be done not at 8 percent but at 7 percent a request for nomination can be made any time of opening a ppf account or at any moment throughout the financial investment duration in fact I'' ve spoken with a friend that'' s establishing a nomination at the time of opening up an account is quite difficult because the kind form e requires the candidate to generate two persons as Witnesses which can be rather ask but anyways election is a must do and the ppf guidelines enable an investor to have one or numerous nominees this election can be changed or terminated anytime during the financial investment period as well as you can also Specify the portion of sharing among the candidates as well as in situation no person has been nominated then the lawful beneficiaries will receive the investment continues upon the fatality of the ppf customer all ppf subscribers are eligible to take a funding against their account balance and also this funding can be availed in the 3rd 4th 5th or the sixth Fiscal year the amount of funding offered is really fairly small and is covered at 25 percent of the accounts coming before two years shutting balance as an example claim you use for a lending today that is in May of 2023 in this case the optimum financing quantity will certainly be computed taking into consideration the account balance as on the 31st of March 2021 and also the equilibrium allocation will be 25 of that in regards to rate of interest rate these car loans are charged at one percent greater than the prevailing ppf rate of interest so because presently the ppf supplies a passion rate of 7.1 percent it suggests the finance against ppf will certainly be charged at a rate of interest price of 8.1 percent yet unlike the federal government which introduces a new ppf rate every quarter the funding rate of interest rate will be taken care of and also will certainly remain the very same throughout the finance Workshop currently these finances are brief tenured as well as have actually to be repaid within 36 months and also in situation the funding is not settled in 36 months after that remember the one percent additional I informed you about well that a person percent gets hiked to six percent currently which means in our instance what was a rates of interest of 8.1 percent of the lending will certainly now be billed at 13.1 percent the ppf act of 1968 restricts the attachment of a ppf account as well as its balance for the settlement of a financial obligation or responsibility this implies your creditors can not get a court order or a mandate in order to confiscate your ppf accounts however this regulation does not use to the income tax Authority as well as the IT department can utilize the debt balance in a ppf account worth any tax obligation related order so a friendly recommendations below paying your tax obligations is extra crucial than paying your financial obligations and also with this we come to the end of this important ppf guide I all the best wish you discovered a great deal of new points today and if you obtain the moment then do view this video clip once again as it will definitely assist you maintain a great deal of this product when again thank you for your time do like this video clip I'' m sure a great deal of your good friends relative and well wishers will certainly want this info so do forward it to them over WhatsApp inquire to subscribe to my network and also I'' ll see you 3 days 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